The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multilateral initiative announced on September 20, 2011 during the annual opening session of the UN General Assembly in New York by eight countries are Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, the Philippines, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The number of member countries rapidly increased to become 75 today including Tunisia.
This initiative aims primarily to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen good governance.
This initiative aims primarily to push involved countries to promote the open government principles within public structures, adopt a governance approach based on transparency, enhance citizen participation in the perception of public policies and fight corruption through using communication and information technologies.
This OGP is overseen by a steering committee made up of senior representatives of member countries (rank of minister) and representatives of international civil society organizations. The committee is currently chaired by four chairs, two representing governments, France and Giorgia, and two representing civil society namely the “World Resources Institute”, and the “Open Democracy Advice Center”.
Joining this partnership requires minimum conditions in countries wishing to submit their candidacy for this initiative in order to ascertain that they respect the open government principles and actively devote them on the ground with concrete initiatives. Therefore, these requirements constitute evaluation criteria for States in the open government area to measure their performance in this field. These requirements classified in four major axes related to:
- Financial and fiscal transparency;
- Right of access to information;
- Disclosure of Assets
- Participation and civil liberties protection